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Orthodontic Treatment

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Defining Orthodontics

To straighten teeth and improve bite, orthodontists may employ either permanent or removable appliances. Brackets can be attached to either the upper or lower arches of teeth, or both, depending on how severe the misalignment is. In some cases, they may be used in addition to other orthodontic devices. When worn, braces exert constant, gentle pressure on the teeth, gradually shifting them into place and correcting the bite. Depending on the severity of the movement impairment and the type of brace utilised, the treatment period might range from as little as six weeks to as long as three years.

With Orthodontic treatment, we all can have straight and perfect-looking teeth. Braces enable us to move teeth into the correct position and alter jaw size accordingly. Orthodontic treatment is for everyone, young and old.

In younger patients, we see much faster results but in older patients, there is much more patient reliability which is what is needed for anyone to receive treatment. Regular follow-up visits are needed as indicated by your treating doctor.

Orthodontics is not just for aesthetic purposes but certain malocclusions can cause excessive teeth to wear and lead to gum diseases and decay which results in teeth loss even if you are the best at maintaining proper oral hygiene.

Craft a Smile. It Confirms the Heart is Home and renders Wings to the Soul

Prof SM Dawjee (Department of Orthodontics)

Best orthodontist in White River

Who can Orthodontics Help?

The primary objective of orthodontic treatment is to improve a patient’s dental health. Most individuals think that the only reason to have braces or other orthodontic treatments is to make your teeth look better in terms of spacing, alignment, and crowding. Actually, orthodontic treatment realigns teeth and jaws to improve biting function and oral health. The pretty smile is just an added plus.

The best way to find out if you need orthodontic treatment is to schedule an appointment with your dentist or an orthodontist. Examinations, dental models, x-rays, and other diagnostic tools can all play a role in determining the cause of dental problems.

Among the many orthodontic treatment needs are:

  • Spacing: Your teeth may have spaces in between them if you’re missing teeth or if your teeth are too small for the available area in your mouth. Issues with eating and speaking might arise from a faulty bite for a variety of reasons. It’s possible that this is the result of broken or knocked-out teeth. Thumb sucking, which causes the top teeth to protrude, is another common cause, as is tongue thrusting.
  • Gaping Mouth: It’s possible that you have issues with the distance between your front teeth and your side teeth when they bite together.
  • Crowding: You have an excessive number of teeth for the size of your mouth.
  • Overbite: The upper front teeth protrude too far forward, covering the lower ones.
  • Underbite: The lower teeth protrude too far, or the top teeth are positioned too far back.
  • Crossbite: In a normal bite, the upper teeth do not move down slightly in advance of the lower teeth.


Types of Devices

In the past, patients who wanted a straighter smile opted for a fixed wire brace that would need to be worn 24 hours a day, every day, for a year or more. Thanks to advances in dental technology, patients today have more choices than ever before when it comes to correcting misaligned teeth.

All orthodontic procedures rely on a controlled and delicate application of pressure to the teeth in order to achieve their desired results. The bone surrounding the teeth is broken down by this pressure or force, and then rebuilt after the teeth have shifted into their proper locations.

Even though there isn’t much pressure, it hurts when the teeth move through the bone. The good news is that the discomfort associated with braces and aligners typically subsides within 24 to 48 hours. The jawbone and other oral tissues need time between orthodontic treatments to adapt to the new locations of the teeth.

Your lips and cheeks may require additional adjustment time as well. Orthodontic treatment can be uncomfortable at times, but our state-of-the-art gadgets considerably lessen this discomfort by applying gentle, continuous forces that are physiologically sensible.


Fixed Appliances

These aids exert a little but effective tension on the teeth and jaws. The effectiveness of a given orthodontic device will be determined by the severity of your condition. This could include fixed appliances such as bands, wires, and brackets. Braces make up the most widely used fixed appliance. The use of banded dental appliances to discourage thumb sucking and tongue thrusting is another example of a special fixed appliance.


Removable Appliances

Instead of getting braces, you can use aligners. Without the use of metal wires and brackets, serial aligners can shift teeth in much the same way as braces would. Aligners are invisible, and you can take them out to eat and brush your teeth.

A palatal expander helps the upper jaw to become more pronounced. The plate is made of plastic and fits over the palate. The palate’s joints are opened and widened by the plate’s pressure.

Jaw splints can be worn on either the upper or lower jaw to retrain the jaw into a healthier position when closing.

Lip and cheek bumpers prevent food and saliva from getting stuck between the teeth. Bumpers alleviate the stress that these muscles place on the teeth.


How Orthodontic Treatment Works

Orthodontic treatment takes time, sometimes stretching across months or even years before you notice the full changes in your smile. The duration of your treatment depends on both the specific type of orthodontic device we use and how severe your condition is.

The common orthodontic tool known as “braces” is made up of brackets and wires that connect to your teeth. Braces work by gently pushing your teeth into their proper positions.

Throughout your treatment, we’ll carefully move your teeth into their new positions by adjusting the position of the brackets and wires.

The Periodontal Membrane is a thin, protective layer that lines the area just below the gums to keep bacteria and plaque from getting to the tooth roots. Wearing braces puts stress on the Periodontal Membrane, which in turn causes tooth movement. This membrane is elastic on one side, allowing for unrestricted jaw and tooth movement. After making some space, the bars and bands on the other side will assist in moving your teeth even more.

Another option is Invisalign, a popular type of clear aligner. It involves wearing a series of see-through, custom-made aligners. These aligners, made from a comfortable plastic material, are placed over your teeth to gently and gradually guide them into their proper positions.

Retainers are used after orthodontic treatment to ensure that the teeth remain in their new positions. A retainer helps keep your teeth from moving back to their original positions, protecting your new smile.